.270 Winchester vs 7.62x39mm Ammo Comparison - Ballistics Info & Chart – Foundry Outdoors
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.270 Winchester vs 7.62x39mm Ammo Comparison - Ballistics Info & Chart

The following ammunition cartridge ballistics information and chart can be used to approximately compare .270 Winchester vs 7.62x39mm ammo rounds. Please note, the following information reflects the estimated average ballistics for each caliber and does not pertain to a particular manufacturer, bullet weight, or jacketing type. As such, the following is for comparative information purposes only and should not be used to make precise predictions of the trajectory, performance, or true ballistics of any particular .270 Winchester or 7.62x39mm rounds for hunting, target shooting, plinking, or any other usage. The decision for which round is better for a given application should be made with complete information, and this article simply serves as a comparative guide, not the final say.

For more detailed ballistics information please refer to the exact round in question or contact the manufacturer for the pertinent information. True .270 Winchester and 7.62x39mm ballistics information can vary widely from the displayed information, and it is important to understand that the particular characteristics of a given round can make a substantive difference in its true performance.


Caliber Type Velocity
(fps)
Energy
(ft-lb)
.270 Winchester Rifle 3060 2700
7.62x39mm Rifle 2360 1590






Velocity


As illustrated in the chart, .270 Winchester rounds - on average - achieve a velocity of about 3060 feet per second (fps) while 7.62x39mm rounds travel at a velocity of 2360 fps. To put this into perspective, a Boeing 737 commercial airliner travels at a cruising speed of 600 mph, or 880 fps. That is to say, .270 Winchester bullets travel 3.5 times the speed of a 737 airplane at cruising speed, while 7.62x39mm bullets travel 2.7 times that same speed.

Various calibers



Energy



Furthermore, the muzzle energy of a .270 Winchester round averages out to 2700 ft-lb, while a 7.62x39mm round averages out to about 1590 ft-lb. One way to think about this is as such: a foot-pound is a unit of energy equal to the amount of energy required to raise a weight of one pound a distance of one foot. So a .270 Winchester round exits the barrel with kinetic energy equal to the energy required for linear vertical displacement of 3780 pounds through a one foot distance, while a 7.62x39mm round exiting the barrel has energy equal to the amount required to displace 1590 pounds over the same one foot distance. As a rule of thumb, when it comes to hunting, muzzle energy is what many hunters look at when deciding on what caliber of firearm / ammunition to select. Generally speaking, the higher the muzzle energy, the higher the stopping power.

Again, the above is for comparative information purposes only, and you should consult the exact ballistics for the particular .270 Winchester or 7.62x39mm cartridge you're looking at purchasing.








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